The anatomy of an eye exam

If you ever wondered what was involved in an eye exam, here is a break down of everything the doctor tests for:

PART 1: VISION EVALUATION AND ENHANCEMENT

  • Visual Acuity Distance & Near (each eye & both eyes)
  • Eye Muscle Alignment & Movements
  • Eye’s Convergence (ability to turn eyes in to look at close objects)
  • Color Vision
  • Depth Perception
  • Eye Curvature Measurement (Testing for Astigmatism)
  • Automated Refraction (Prescription Measurement #1)
  • Subjective/Patient Assisted Refraction (Prescription Measurement #2)
  • Focusing Ability/Need for bifocal (Distance to Near)

Part 1 of the eye exam provides the basis from which to prescribe a prescription for glasses. It will also allow the doctor to discuss contact lens options and the possibility of laser surgery.

PART 2: EYE HEALTH EVALUATION

  • Neurological screening of all nerves that involve the eyes or eye muscles
  • Front Surface Eye Health Evaluation:(Lids, Lashes, Lacrimal System, Tear Film, Cornea, Conjunctiva, Anterior Chamber, Iris, Lens, Angles)
  • Intraocular Pressure Measurement (Glaucoma Test #1)
  • Internal Eye Health Evaluation (Glaucoma Test #2):
(Retina, Optic Nerve, Macula, Media, Blood Vessels, Vitreous)
  • Complete Assessment of the Visual Pathway
  • Peripheral Vision Testing (Glaucoma Test #3)
  • Photos of the back of the eye to monitor for future changes

Part 2 of the examination will allow the doctor to detect any problems related to eye health. The doctor will then be able to discuss with you any condition(s) detected and recommendations for treatment.